Volume 1: 1771 Edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica!


Angel, a name given to those spiritual intelligent beings, who are supposed to execute the will of God, in the government of the world.

The existence of angels has been admitted in all religions. The Greeks and Latins acknowledged them under the name of genii or daemons; and, in the alcoran, we find frequent mention of them, the Mahometans assigning them different orders and degrees, and different employments, both in heaven and earth.

Angel is likewise a title given to bishops of several churches. In this sense is St. Paul understood by some authors, where he says, Women ought to be covered in the church, because of the angels; and thus, in the Revelation, The Seven Stars are the angels, that is, bishops, of the Seven churches..

Angel, in commerce, the name of an ancient gold coin in England, of which some are still to be seen in the cabinets of the curious. It had its name from the figure of an angel represented upon it. It was 23 3/4 carats, and weighed four penny-weights. Its value differed in different reigns.

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