Volume 2: 1771 Edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica!
Goddess, a heathen deity of the female sex.
The ancients had almost as many goddesses as gods;such as Juno, the goddess of air; Diana, the goddess of woods, etc. And under this character were represented the virtues, graces, and principal advantages of life; Truth, Justice, Piety, Liberty, Fortune, Victory, etc.
It was the peculiar privilege of the goddesses to be represented naked on medals; for it was supposed that the imagination must be awed and restrained by the consideration of the divine character.